Egypt plans to construct extra nuclear energy stations
CAIRO — Hesham Hegazy, head of the nuclear gasoline sector at Egypt’s Nuclear Energy Crops Authority (NPPA), has lately revealed that the Egyptian nuclear program shouldn’t be restricted to the institution of the Dabaa nuclear energy plant, because the nation seeks to construct extra nuclear energy vegetation on the north coast.
Talking at a panel dialogue on the position of nuclear vitality in reaching sustainable growth, organized by the Russian Rosatom nuclear company July 12, Hegazy stated that the Egyptian state is searching for the technology and manufacturing of electrical energy by new and renewable energies, particularly nuclear vitality, amid its contribution to the creation of an built-in combine with fossil fuels to generate electrical energy.
Through the seminar, which was attended by Alexander Voronkov, director and regional vp of the Rosatom Regional Heart within the Center East and North Africa, Hegazy famous that the institution of those new vegetation comes as a part of the NPPA’s formidable plan, backed by the political management, to safe the nation’s future nuclear vitality wants.
He stated the NPPA has already submitted the paperwork required to acquire a building allow for the primary nuclear plant to generate electrical energy in Dabaa metropolis in Matrouh governorate.
As well as, Voronkov stated that work is in full swing to hurry up the development of the dock in Dabaa to obtain the heavy gear that can come from Russia to Dabaa on Egypt’s Mediterranean coast.
On Nov. 19, 2015, Egypt and Rosatom signed a contract to construct Egypt’s first nuclear energy plant within the metropolis of Dabaa, with a capability of 4,800 megawatts (MW) by 4 giant items, at a price of $28.5 billion.
In accordance with the contract, the NPPA is the proprietor and operator of nuclear vegetation whereas Rosatom is the contractor.
The primary unit of the plant is anticipated to be accomplished by December 2024.
Al-Monitor tried to contact an official within the NPPA to acquire extra particulars concerning the new initiatives that Hegazy talked about. However the official stated that such data will solely be revealed when the time is correct, mentioning the entity that can help these initiatives is but to be revealed.
Jamal al-Qalyubi, a professor of petroleum and vitality engineering on the American College of Cairo, informed Al-Monitor over the telephone that the Egyptian state has been working since 2015 on a method to diversify its vitality sources to handle future challenges.
He stated that for the reason that Nineteen Sixties, Egypt has been closely reliant on nonrenewable vitality sources from hydrocarbons, equivalent to petroleum, diesel and, extra lately, pure gasoline. However the nation is now seeking to exchange the vegetation that produce electrical energy through hydrocarbons with ones that depend on renewable vitality, within the framework of the Sustainable Growth Technique of Egypt Imaginative and prescient 2030, he stated.
Qalyubi famous that nuclear vitality is crucial for Egypt, and that the state is searching for to have an academic and utilized affect on this regard as an alternative of solely importing international know-how.
He added that nuclear reactors are useful not solely by way of energy technology but additionally by way of seawater desalination and the manufacturing of radioactive isotopes, which in the end advantages the Egyptian business.
He expects extra Egyptian firms to contribute by 20% within the building of the brand new nuclear stations. Native firms already contributed by 20% to the development of the primary unit of the Dabaa nuclear plant. These firms have managed to take part within the Dabaa challenge as they obtained coaching on the Dabaa Nuclear College in Matrouh governorate (west of Cairo), whereas academic missions are being despatched to Russia, Qalyubi stated, including that such steps assist promote Egypt’s native nuclear business.
Former NPPA deputy head Ali Abdel Nabi informed Al-Monitor over the telephone, “The Egyptian authorities’s vitality combine plan seeks to have the nuclear vegetation’ electrical energy technology to account for about 20% of the whole manufacturing in Egypt by 2035.”
He stated, “Reaching this share requires the institution of extra nuclear vegetation, along with the Dabaa plant, which solely produces 4,800 MW, or practically 3% of the whole electrical energy manufacturing.”
Abdel Nabi defined that one of many objectives behind the institution of nuclear vegetation in Egypt is the switch and localization of the manufacturing know-how into Egyptian factories in order that their contribution to the manufacture of latest vegetation will increase to greater than 50%.
This expertise, he stated, helps Egypt be part of the worldwide fray with its high-quality merchandise, which, in flip, ensures it each arduous foreign money and technological nationwide safety.
“Nuclear vegetation present electrical energy in a lot better proportions than vegetation powered by gasoline or renewable vitality equivalent to wind, as these vegetation function at 93% of the variety of hours per 12 months, in comparison with 27% for renewable vitality vegetation and 56% for gasoline vegetation. In different phrases, nuclear vegetation serve the sustainable growth objectives higher,” he famous.
Abdel Nabi identified that nuclear energy vegetation are top notch funding initiatives as they cowl their prices inside solely 15 years of operation, and their life span ranges from 60 to 100 years, which ensures better profit in contrast to vegetation powered by gasoline, petroleum and renewable vitality, which function for 25 years at most.